Fagus sylvatica L., or European beech, is one of the most important and widespread broadleaved trees in Europe. This tree is considered both a shade tree and an ornamental tree. The European beech tree has an unmatched place in history. The wood has been employed for centuries for both fire and furniture in Europe. The smooth, pale gray bark is truly stunning in the winter landscape. View Map. Yields oval, brown beechnuts that are ½–1" in diameter. All Rights Reserved. No worries. It is a large deciduous tree that can maintain its high growth rate until late maturity. Whenever you connect with nature, connect with us! This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year. Adds striking vertical interest to larger areas. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. The English word 'book" comes from the Anglo-Saxon "boc", a derivative for the Anglo-Saxon "beece" or Beech. Maidenhair Tree (Ginkgo); Lilac (Syringa); Weigela (Weigela); Dove Tree (Davidia); Daylily (Hemerocallis). Its ancestry includes the copper beech which explains its rich bronze coloring. Growth Rate Beech trees grow extremely slowly. The beechnuts were food for prehistoric man and are still consumed today. The European beech has been described by many experts as the finest specimen tree available. Its good looks can also be adapted to a smaller garden as a hedge, and it mingles well with other natives as a wilder mixed barrier. The Tricolor Beech is a medium sized shade tree known for its pink and purple foliage. Table 2. Historians claim that the first written European literature was inscribed on Beech bark in Sanskrit. Use it for shade, along an entry drive or as a street tree. A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. This vividly colored tree was introduced in 1888. Provides rich russet golden bronze fall color. Note: This plant is currently NOT for sale. Very cold hardy, the Beech can be both an accent among evergreens or planted in a grove and its color will be perceptible from a distance. As a tall and graceful tree, European beech can live for centuries. European Beech Trees: A Field Guide. If you have the space for it, the European beech will provide you with unmatched year-round beauty — shimmering green leaves unfurling in the spring, dense shade in the summer, striking autumn foliage, and a pleasing winter silhouette. The U.S. Forest Service reports that seedlings planted in northern Pennsylvania took 10 years to get 2 feet high. The genus was classified by Linnaeus under its ancient European Latin name, fagus, which includes about ten cultivated species and innumerable varieties and clones. Your plant(s) will ship to the garden center you chose within the next 21 days. By clicking "LOGIN", you are The European beech grows in acidic, loamy, moist, sandy, well-drained and clay soils. Beechnuts are eaten by birds and mammals, serving as an important food for chipmunks and squirrels. password. Slowly reaches 25 to 35 ft. tall, 18 to 25 ft. wide. Tree expert Michael Dirr hales it as “so beautiful that it overwhelms one at first glance.”. Your plants are actively growing and we will only deliver them once they meet our rigorous quality standards, Discover new plants and design ideas for your garden, 817 E. Monrovia Place Azusa, California 91702-1385. It prefers moist, well-drained soil but has some drought tolerance. Deciduous. Majestic and well formed, it's a great front-yard statement for larger homesites with traditional architecture. Works well for a hedge as it withstands heavy pruning. They emerge deep reddish-purple in spring and darken to burgundy purple as the season progresses. Its smooth silver bark is an attractive element in winter scapes. Water regularly - weekly, or more often in extreme heat. The european beech can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 4–7. Features alternate, simple leaves that are 2–4" and a lustrous dark green color. It features a spreading canopy capable of blocking sunlight and adds visual interest and beauty to landscaping. Fagus sylvatica 'Roseomarginata' If you're looking for a unique tree that doesn't require extra work to maintain, the Tricolor Beech is a great option.
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